300 Years Old Brilliant Chess Puzzle

The history of chess can be traced back nearly 1,500 years to its earliest known predecessor, called chaturanga, in India; its prehistory is the subject of speculation. From India it spread to Persia, following the Arab invasion and conquest of Persia, chess was taken up by the Muslim world and subsequently spread to Europe via Spain (Al Andalus) and Italy (Emirate of Sicily). The game evolved roughly into its current form by about 1500 CE.

Solving chess puzzles improve your chess tactics, pattern recognition and awareness.

Solving chess puzzles is crucial for improving chess skills as it enhances tactical vision, calculation abilities, and board awareness. By practicing puzzles, players develop problem-solving skills and learn to recognize common patterns, such as forks and pins, quickly during games. This practice also builds confidence and refines time management, essential for making strong moves under time pressure. Additionally, regular puzzle-solving strengthens mental stamina, helping players stay focused and sharp throughout long games. Overall, chess puzzles are an effective tool for honing various aspects of a player’s game.


  1. Good video and good channel. Thank you

  2. In the final zugzwang position, as Black, I would try Qf3+ to give White an opportunity to blunder Qxf3 stalemate… although if they got this far they probably wouldn't fall for it. 🙂 Also, why has g2 been renamed to h2 throughout?

  3. This was playable and human. I think I would have made it but there is also a fat chance that I've made a mistake 🙂

  4. Excellent problem. I found the winning move.👍

  5. Levon Aronian had a game like this with Shirov. Pure magic

  6. You remind me so much of Tom Pelphrey, the actor who plays the character of Ben Davis in Ozark.

  7. 2…Kxh1 is not a forced move, Black could play d5 – White will still win, but not in the elegant way you present here.

  8. I think I solved this puzzle. At first I missed an idea because of lack of visualization.

    My first thought was to use my king hunt down the two pawns. That's the only way I thought I could win. 1. Bf3+ (seems like the only move) 1… Kg1 2. Kd3 h1=Q 3. Kc4 Kg2 4. Kd5 Kf3 and black will win. It also turns out we cant triangulate black.

    So I drank my cornmeal porridge and played a game on lichess. Which I lost. And came back to the puzzle. Then I realized an idea I missed. 1. Bf3+ Kg1(Anyother move and white will eventually win the h pawn) 2. Bh1!! Kxh1

    Then I thought 3. Kf2 but then the black e comes quickly.

    So 3. Kf1! d5 4. exd5 e4 5. d6 e3 6. d7 e2+ 7 Kxe2! K g2 8. d8=Q h1=Q 9. Qg8+ K h2 10. Kg3 and black can resign

  9. Whats the big deal, B to h1 and wins

  10. Bishop f-2, Bishop h-1, K f-2, pxp g-5, race to Q, white wins

  11. How do we know this puzzle is 300 years old? Who composed it – Philidor?

  12. I have a question and then a few comments. Who composed this puzzle if we know and when exactly was it composed? As for my comments, firstly there are numerous older puzzles because 1000+ years ago the Arabs worked out all the positions when a king and rook can defeat a king and knight (since those three pieces were the same in medieval chess). As most viewers know king and rook and against king and knight is usually a draw but not always. And lastly in the position at 7:33 of the video Black is of course losing but can try the queen sacrifice …Qf3+! hoping for Qxf3?? stalemate instead of Kxf3 with Qg2 mate coming on the following move.

  13. Very annoying to hear g2 get called h2 several times, but understandable in rapid sequence, so I'm willing to call it a simple error. But then a minute or two later, g2 gets called h2 again. No chess player I know would make that error twice, if actually looking at the board. Maybe you're reading a script from a screen? But at some point, the script must have been written when looking at a board or diagram.I'm actually medically concerned. I'm not a neurologist, but I know when I'd want a relative to visit one. It's time, bro. There's a black pawn on h2, the black king is not moving there.

  14. For the checkmate at the end I got this. White Queen G5, Black king has to go to H3 because H2 loses to white king F2, Queen H5, King goes back to G2 or black loses the queen. White queen to G4 now taking away the H3 square from the black king. The black king is forced to go to H2. After white king F2 putting the white queen anywhere on the H file on the next turn will be checkmate. The black king can't move and the black queen can't deliver a safe check. After black queen G2 you take the queen with your queen and win. 8 moves in total.

    Honestly the only part of the puzzle I could really break down and think about. It's so hard to find the best counterplay for black if there are so many options

  15. 1st comment! New sub! Keep it going bro!

  16. Nitpicking but at 6:30 it is not a zugzwang because even if black is allowed to skip a move he would still be checkmated

  17. If king goes G1 after the bishop check I saw the rest of the puzzle, but the black king doesn’t have to go there. Why not running up the board instead with the king for black instead, and I don’t really see how to make progress. Black won’t arrive in a scenario where they have to push the d6-pawn. At least not anytime soon.

  18. You are showing a very fancy class of Chess ! I am a mathematician and i genuinely love that ! It is world class. For me this is by far much more elevated and classy than watching a chess match that has limited time which is full of blunders.

  19. Back to this game. I actually played it against a chess engine in the edit mode and after Bishop to F3 + the engine (stockfish 8 version) played king to H3 and it leads to a completely different variation. Where u have to take the queen with the king and then count the steps to stay in control of the oposition. And u have to keep the black king away of the critical d5 square. I managed to win this. But this variation is so hard as well.

  20. Not sure about mate in two at the end, at 7:36. After Qf3+, white has to play KxQf3 and there is no mate in two anymore!

  21. black pawn: i got to be queen… for a day 😪

  22. Zugzwang : a situation in which the obligation to make a move in one's turn is a serious, often decisive, disadvantage. Not the case at 7:33 because white on move also wins.

  23. I solved this before even listening to the video. The solution is EVIL! 🙂

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